Circle: A maneuver used in a reining pattern. Loping a circle that takes up half the arena. There are two types of circles, Large Fast and Small Slow. The circle is used to show the degree of difficulty and that the horse is willfully guided. Each circle has a transition element of either fast to slow or slow to fast. The flying lead change is another maneuver demonstrated during circling.
Degree of Difficulty: A term used to help score a maneuver. A high degree of difficutly for a well-performed maneuver will receie a higher score than the same maneuver done with a lesser degree of difficulty. Degree of difficulty does not mean "going fast" as a well performed slow loping lead change is a higher degree of difficulty than a lead change done at a faster lope.
Fencing: A training and warm up exercise where the hrose runs from one end of the arena to the other end. The rider calls intervals to build speed until theyreach the other end. At the far end of the arena, the horse melts into a sliding stop so they are stopped right at the fence.
Markers: Inidcators or labels that break up the arena into various areas where the rider is required to perform various maneuvers. The arena is divided itno thirds. Usually the middle markers are for circling, the top markers are for turnarounds and perimeter rundowns, and the end markers are for middle rundowns and slide stops.
Minus Maneuver: A maneuver not done very well; showing little or no degree of difficulty.
No Score: When the horse's score is pulled and a record of the violation is filed with the NRHA. The NRHA is very strict on its rules regarding the treatment of reining horses. Each horse is checked after every run for legal equipment use, as well as, for blood. If in either case a violation is found, a no score is recorded.
Plus Maneuver: A maneuver done well; showing high degree of difficutly.
Roll Back: After completing a stop, the rider will pause and then ask the horse to rotate back on its haunches and lope off in the opposite direction. A good stop and pause is key to the horse being able to roll back over their haunches correctly.
Run Down: The maneuver preceding the slide stop; where the horse builds speed in preparation for the call to stop.
Skid Boots: Special protective boots for the horse's back legs that wraps around the fetlock to protect against injuries incurred from slide stopping.
Slide Stop: A maneuver used in a reining pattern that is performed at a gallop. The horse builds speed as it travels the length of the arena, and after passing the required marker, the rider will ask for a stop. It results in the horse sliding on its back legs, traveling witht he front legs. The faster and harder teh stop, the greater degree of difficulty is shown. The stop is judged on three elements: the run down, the stop itself, and the rollback.
Turn Around: Rotating in place on the inside back foot. It is similar to a pivot, but at a much faster pace. Typically the maneuver is recommend for 4 to 4 1/4 turns. This maneuver is demonstrated in both directions.
Willfully Guided: Used to denote when a horse is performing a pattern in a pleasant manner. Behaviors that show willfullness include quiet mouth, quiet tail, ears listening to the rider, but not pinned back. Posture is relaxed and attentive.
Zero Score: If for any reason the rider goes off the designated pattern, the result is a zero score. Different from the no score in that there is no penalty in any way, it just means that the rider is not scored for that class.